The black veined tiger, white tiger, common tiger, or eastern common tiger [Danaus melanippus] is a butterfly species found in tropical Asia which belongs to the “crows and tigers”, that is, the danaine group of the brush-footed butterflies family.
It ranges from Assam in eastern India through Southeast Asia south to Indonesia, and eastwards to the Philippines and through southern China to Taiwan.
^ Subspecie Danaus melanippus hegesippus – Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi, Singapore, Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung.
The body form is extremely slender with a long, pointed, projecting snout which is rather more than twice as long as the eye. Adult coloration varies from light brown to dull yellow-green and often a startling fluorescent green.
Adults may attain 1.8 m [6 feet] in total length, with a tail 0.6 m [2 feet] long. Its appearance is very much like those of South American vine snakes. It is a rear-fanged species and is mildly venomous but is not considered a threat to humans.
The Asian vine snake feeds on small reptiles and amphibians, particularly lizards and tree frogs. In recent years, it has entered the pet trade and has become quite popular among hobbyists.
Periophthalmodon schlosseri, the giant mudskipper, is a species of mudskipper native to the tropical shores of the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean where it occurs in marine, brackish and fresh waters. It is most frequently found along muddy shores in estuaries as well as in the tidal zones of rivers.
It lives in a burrow in the mud and emerges from the burrow at low tide on sunny days. It can move quickly across a muddy surface and is capable of breathing both in and out of water. The giant mudskipper can grow to a length of 27 centimetres [11 in] with two black lines from eye to tail.
Xanthostemon youngii, commonly known as Crimson Penda or Red Penda, is a species of trees found only [endemic] in North Queensland, constituting part of the plant family Myrtaceae. It has showy red blooms, but has been difficult to keep alive in cultivation.
Adenanthera pavonina is commonly called Red Lucky Seed. Other common names for the tree include Red Bead Tree, Red Sandalwood Tree, Saga [Malay, Indonesia]. The tree is common within the tropics of the old world.
This tree is useful for nitrogen fixation, and it is often cultivated for forage, as an ornamental garden plant or urban tree, and as a medicinal plant. For example, the young leaves can be cooked and eaten. The raw seeds are toxic, but may be eaten when cooked.
Adenanthera pavonina seeds have long been a symbol of love in China, and its name in Chinese is xiang si dou (Chinese: 相思豆), or “mutual love bean”. The beauty of the seeds has led to them being used as beads for jewellery.
Pelopidas mathias, commonly known as the Dark Small-branded Swift, Small Branded Swift, Lesser Millet Skipper or Black Branded Swift, is a butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae. It is found throughout much of Southeast and East Asia, and as far as the Philippines. It is also present in Tropical Africa.
^ Subspecie Pelopidas mathias mathias.
Pelopidas mathias is considered a pest to rice-growing cultures. Newly hatched caterpillars are especially voracious in eating young seedlings.
Subspecie: Telicota colon stinga [Malacca]
The larvae are known to feed on Bambusa striata and Ochlandra travancorica.
Danaus chrysippus, also known as the plain tiger or African monarch, is a medium-sized [wingspan of about 7–8 centimetres or 2.8–3.1 in] butterfly widespread in Asia and Africa. It belongs to the Danainae [Milkweed butterflies] subfamily of the brush-footed butterfly family, Nymphalidae. Its coloration is mimicked by multiple species.
Bidens pilosa is a species of flowering plant in the aster family. It is native to the Americas but it is known widely as an introduced species of other regions, including Eurasia, Africa, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. Its many common names include black-jack, beggar-ticks, cobbler’s pegs, and Spanish needle.
Bidens means two- toothed, describing the two projections found at the top of the seeds. A weed of gardens, woodlands, and waste areas, a person who brushes against it will end up covered in the burs and need to pick them off one by one.
The plant may flower at any time of the year, but in temperate regions it blooms mainly in summer and autumn. Flowers are borne in small heads on relatively long peduncles. The heads bear about four or five broad white ray florets, surrounding many tubular yellow disc florets.
^ Danaus chrysippus chrysippus [Plain Tiger butterfly]
Bidens pilosa flowers are nectar source for butterflies and honey-bees.