Acraea violae: Tawny Coster Butterfly

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^ Photo taken @ Dhoby Ghaut Green [20140713]

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Tawny Coster [Acraea violae] is a small butterfly which is common in grassland and scrub habitats. It belongs to the Nymphalidae or brush-footed butterfly family.

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The butterflies of this subfamily are characterized by a perfectly flat hind wing and by having the cells of both wings closed by tubular veins. Their behavior is sluggish, and, like those of sub-family Danainae, they have a leathery body and are tenacious of life.

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^ Pupa of Tawny Coaster Butterfly @ Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160228]

Taxonomy note: Acraea terpsicore [Linnaeus, 1758] = Acraea violae [Fabricius, 1793]

Photos: Oh Farms, Singapore 20160222

Sources: Wikipedia; butterflycircle.com

Crassula cv. ‘Gollum’: Jade Plants

The Crassula cv. ‘Gollum’ is a very compact plant considered a hybrid of C. x portulacea by some experts.

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It is a small sparingly branched, shrubby, erect, succulent, that can slowly grow up to 50-80 cm tall by 30-60 cm wide. Leaves are tubular, trumpet shaped, each of them tipped with a “suction cup”, 4-ranked [decussate], smooth, deep glossy green in color with very light spotting usually with bright red leaf margins. Crassula ‘Gollum’ is great for container culture and Bonsai cultivation, and the trunk becomes very thick with age and develops interesting patterns.

Photo: Gardens by the Bay,  Singapore, 20130124

Source: www.cactus-art.biz

Digitalis purpurea: Common Foxglove

Digitalis is a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous perennials, shrubs, and biennials commonly called foxgloves. This genus is native to western and southwestern Europe, western and central Asia, Australasia and northwestern Africa. The scientific name means “finger-like” and refers to the ease with which a flower of Digitalis purpurea can be fitted over a human fingertip.

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Digitalis purpurea [foxglove, common foxglove, purple foxglove or lady’s glove] belongs in the family Plantaginaceae), native and widespread throughout most of temperate Europe.

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The flowers are arranged in a showy, terminal, elongated cluster, and each flower is tubular and pendent. The flowers are typically purple, but some plants, especially those under cultivation, may be pink, rose, yellow, or white. The inside surface of the flower tube is heavily spotted. The plant is frequented by bees, which climb right inside the flower tube to gain the nectar within.

Photo: Gardens by the Bay,  Singapore, 20120719

Source: Wikipedia

Ochna serrulata: Mickey Mouse Bush

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Ochna serrulata [commonly known as the mall-leaved plane, carnival ochna, Bird’s Eye Bush or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant’s bright-red sepals, which resemble the face of Mickey Mouse] is an ornamental garden plant of the Ochnaceae family which is indigenous to South Africa.

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Photo: Gardens by the Bay,  Singapore, 20130124

Source: Wikipedia

Leucophyllum frutescens: Ash Plant

Leucophyllum frutescens is an evergreen shrub in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae, native to the state of Texas in the southwestern United States and the states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas in northern Mexico. Although commonly known as Texas Sage, it is not a true sage and is distinct from the genus Salvia. The species is also called Texas Ranger, Texas Rain Sage, Texas Silverleaf, Ash-bush, Wild Lilac, Purple Sage.

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The solitary axillary flowers are bell- or funnel-shaped, with five lobes and two lips. This species is found in rocky, calcareous soils.

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Texas Sage is a popular ornamental plant, commonly used for edge and area plantings in warmer and drier areas; it requires minimal water, is easily shaped into hedges, and blooms over the entire surface.

Photos: HortPark,  Singapore, 20130126

Source: Wikipedia

Mesona procumbens: Grass Jelly plant

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Mesona is a genus in the mint family,  Lamiaceae. Mesona procumbens, Mesona palustris, Mesona chinensis, generically called xiān cǎo [仙草] in Chinese.

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The plants are from 15–100 cm high with hairy stems and leaves. The leaves are tear-drop shaped and serrated and primarily cultivated and used in making grass jelly.

Photos: HortPark,  Singapore, 20130126

Source: Wikipedia

Eurema andersonii andersonii: Anderson’s Grass Yellow

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^ Plant: Bidens alba [Beggarticks, Romerillo].

Anderson’s Grass Yellow is one of five Eurema species of Grass Yellow butterfly in Singapore. It a small [wingspan: 36-40mm] butterfly of Family Pieridae, that is, the Yellows and Whites.

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Photo:  Oh Farms; Butterfly Garden, HortParkSingapore, 20130126

Source: butterflycircle.com

Papilio demoleus malayanus: Lime Butterfly

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^ Plant: Sweet basil [Ocimum basilicum].

Papilio demoleus malayanus has many common names including Common Lime Butterfly, Lemon Butterfly, Lime Swallowtail, Small Citrus Butterfly, Chequered Swallowtail, Dingy Swallowtail, Citrus Swallowtail.

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Papilio demoleus malayanus is a common and widespread butterfly in Singapore. It gets its common names from its host plants, which are citrus species:  Citrus aurantifolia [Key Lime], Citrus grandis [Pomelo]. Unlike most swallowtail butterflies, it does not have a prominent tail.

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Photos: Oh Farms & Butterfly Garden, HortPark, Singapore, 20130126

Source: Wikipedia

Hibiscus sabdariffa: Roselle

The roselle [Hibiscus sabdariffa] is a species of Hibiscus native to the Old World tropics, used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion. It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based sub-shrub.

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The roselle is known as the rosella or rosella fruit in Australia. It is also known as rosela in Indonesia, asam belanda in Malaysia.

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The plant is considered to have antihypertensive properties. Hibiscus, specifically Roselle, has been used in folk medicine as a diuretic, mild laxative, and treatment for cardiac and nerve diseases and cancer. It is a popular houseplant.

Photos: HortPark,  Singapore, 20120609

Source: Wikipedia