Iris sp.: Tall Bearded [TB] Iris

DSC02428 300copy

Tall Bearded irises have stalks with a height of 70 cm [27 1/2 inches] and above, with branching and many buds. Each stalk, in itself, makes a stately arrangement in the garden or in a vase. In addition to a wide variety of colors and patterns, the TBs display other qualities such as ruffling and lacing more frequently than do the other classes.

DSC02015 400copy

DSC03444 400copy

DSC03460 400copy

DSC03469 400copy

DSC03502 400copy

DSC03504 400copy

DSC03515 400copy 

Types of Irises

Irises are classified into two major groups, Rhizome Irises and Bulbous Irises. Within those groups are countless species, varieties, cultivars and hybrids, according to the American Iris Society.

Rhizome Irises are thickened stems that grow horizontally, either underground or partially underground. After planting, iris rhizomes produce sword like leaves that overlap, forming flat fans of green foliage. Three popular irises in this group are Bearded, Beardless and Crested Irises.

  • The bearded iris has four distinct parts: the Standards, Falls, Stigma flaps, and Beard
  • The beardless variety has: Standards, Falls and Stigma flaps, but usually have crests
  • The crested Irises or Evansia Iris has: Standards, Falls and Stigma flaps and in addition to a ridge on the falls of the blossom, they have ridges like crests instead of beards

Crested irises are often considered in the same manner as the beardless iris. These plants spread freely by underground stems and produce flat flowers in the shades of blue, violet and white. Often the flowers and leaves are found on bamboo like stems which can vary in height from 5-200 centimeters in height.

Varieties of Bearded Iris: Miniature Dwarf Bearded Iris, Dwarf Bearded Iris,  Intermediate Bearded Iris, Border Bearded Iris, Miniature Tall Bearded Iris, Tall Bearded Iris

Varieties of Beardless Iris: Siberian Iris, Japanese Iris, Louisiana Iris, Dutch Iris, Yellow Flag Iris, Blue Flag Iris

Bulbous irises grow from bulbs that require a period of dormancy after they have bloomed. The bulbous irises are typically smaller than rhizome irises and usually produce smaller blossoms. 

Photo: AtlantaGA [20060405]

Source: American Iris SocietyThe Flower Expert

Narcissus cv. ‘English Style’

DSC01861 400copy

Narcissus English Style: At first glance, each blossom looks almost like a Carnation, with rings of creamy yellow outer petals and a tufted, frilly darker yellow and deep orange center. This new, fully Double hybrid of the award-winning ‘Tahiti’ is sunproof as well. Large, bright Narcissus blooms are for many gardeners the first visible signs of spring.

DSC01857 400copy

Narcissuses [daffodils] are bulbous perennials which are usually planted as dry bulbs in autumn [fall] to flower the following spring. Once established they flower reliably every year, with variously trumpet-shaped flowers in a range of colours, mostly shades of white and yellow. The central trumpet [corona] and the outer petals [perianth] often have contrasting colours. Breeders have produced a huge range of sizes and shapes in these flowers, which are among the most popular of all plants in cultivation.

Plants are grouped by the Royal Horticultureal Society into 13 divisions, each describing a particular growth habit and flower shape. All are of garden origin except group 13.

  1. Trumpet: solitary flower with corona (trumpet) longer than perianth (outer petals)
  2. Large-cupped: corona shorter than perianth
  3. Small-cupped: corona less than ⅓ of the length of the perianth
  4. Double flowered
  5. Triandrus: reflexed perianth, short corona
  6. Cyclamineus: angled flowers, reflexed perianth, long corona
  7. Jonquilla: scented, late-flowering, shallow cupped
  8. Tazetta: multiple flowers, scented, autumn-spring flowering
  9. Poeticus: scented, white perianth, small corona
  10. Bulbocodium: large corona, small perianth
  11. Split corona
  12. Other
  13. All wild species and hybrids

Earlier post on Narcissus sp.: Daffodil, Narcissus 

Photos: AtlantaGA [20060405]

Source: Wikipedia

Taraxacum officinale: Common Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion [simply “dandelion”], is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae [Compositae]. It can be found growing in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of water ways, and other areas with moist soils.

DSC01797 400copy

Taraxacum officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. Common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind called “blowballs” or “clocks” containing many single-seeded fruits called achenes. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hairs, which enable wind-aided dispersal over long distances.

DSC01803 400copy

Photos: AtlantaGA [20060405]

Source: Wikipedia

Wisteria frutescens: American Wisteria

Wisteria frutescens [American Wisteria] is a woody, deciduous, perennial climbing vine, one of various wisterias of the Fabaceae family. It is native to the wet forests and stream banks of the southeastern United States, with a range stretching from the states of Virginia to Texas and extending southeast through Florida, also north to Iowa, Michigan, and New York.

DSC01771 400copy

American Wisteria can grow up to 15m long over many supports via powerful clockwise-twining stems. It produces dense clusters of blue-purple, two-lipped, 2-cm-wide flowers on racemes 5–15 cm long in late spring to early summer. These are the smallest racemes produced by any Wisteria. 

Photo: AtlantaGA [20060405]

Source: Wikipedia

Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood

Cornus florida [flowering dogwood] is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southern Ontario, Illinois, and eastern Kansas, and south to northern Florida and eastern Texas.

DSC01753 400copy

Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m [33 ft] high, often wider than it is tall when mature. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm [2.4–5.1 in] long and 4–6 cm [1.6–2.4 in] broad, with an apparently entire margin; they turn a rich red-brown in fall.

The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm [0.16 in] long. Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm [0.39–0.79 in] in diameter. The flower-head is surrounded by four conspicuous large white, pink or red “petals”, each bract 3 cm [1.2 in] long and 2.5 cm [0.98 in] broad, rounded, and often with a distinct notch at the apex.

Photo: AtlantaGA [20060405]

Source: Wikipedia

Hornungia alpina: White mustard flowers

Hornungia alpina is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is native to the mountains of Southern and Central Europe, as far south as northern Spain [Pyrenees and Cordillera Cantábrica], central Italy and the Republic of Macedonia , and is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens.

DSC01553 400copy 

Hornungia is a small genus of plants in the mustard family.

Photo: AtlantaGA [20060402]

Source: Wikipedia

Thymus serpyllum: Creeping Thyme

Thymus serpyllum, known by the common names of Breckland thyme, wild thyme or creeping thyme, is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to most of Europe and North Africa. It is a low, usually prostrate subshrub growing to 2 cm [1 in] tall with creeping stems up to 10 cm [4 in] long. The oval evergreen leaves are 3–8 mm long. The strongly scented flowers are either lilac, pink-purple, magenta, or a rare white, all 4–6 mm long and produced in clusters. The hardy plant tolerates some pedestrian traffic and produces fragrances ranging from heavily herbal to lightly lemon, depending on the variety.

DSC01551 400copy

Wild thyme is a creeping dwarf evergreen shrub with woody stems and a taproot. The leaves are in opposite pairs, nearly stalkless, with linear elliptic round-tipped blades. The plant sends up erect flowering shoots in summer. The usually pink or mauve flowers have a tube-like calyx and an irregular straight-tubed, hairy corolla. The upper petal is notched and the lower one is larger than the two lateral petals and has three flattened lobes which form a lip. Each flower has four projecting stamens and two fused carpels.

Photo: AtlantaGA [20060402]

Source: Wikipedia

Dianthus barbatus: Sweet William

DSC01600 400copy

Dianthus barbatus [Sweet William] is a species of Dianthus native to southern Europe and parts of Asia which has become a popular ornamental garden plant. It is a herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial plant with flowers in a dense cluster of up to 30 at the top of the stems. Each flower is 2–3 cm diameter with five petals displaying serrated edges. Wild plants produce red flowers with a white base, but colours in cultivars range from white, pink, red, and purple or with variegated patterns. The flowers are edible. Sweet William attracts bees, birds, and butterflies.

Photo: AtlantaGA [20060403]

Source: Wikipedia

Geranium sp.: Cranesbills flowers

DSCF5797 400copy

Geranium is a genus of 422 species of flowering annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as the cranesbills.

DSCF1341 400copy

They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. The long, palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. The flowers have five petals and are coloured white, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged.

DSCF2780 400copy

The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος [géranos] or γερανός [geranós] ‘crane’. The English name ‘cranesbill’ derives from the appearance of the fruit capsule of some of the species. Species in the Geranium genus have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal. This consists of a beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds some distance. The fruit capsule consists of five cells, each containing one seed, joined to a column produced from the centre of the old flower.

DSCF1747 400copy

The common name ‘cranesbill’ comes from the shape of the unsprung column, which in some species is long and looks like the bill of a crane. However, many species in this genus do not have a long beak-like column.

DSCF6221 400copy

Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail and mouse moth.

DSCF6267 400copy


Photos: Flower Dome, Gardens by the Bay, Singapore [2013, 2014]

Source: Wikipedia

Maianthemum racemosum: False Solomon Seal

DSC03313 400copy

Maianthemum racemosum [treacleberry, false Solomon’s seal, Solomon’s plume or false spikenard; syn. Smilacina racemosa, Vagnera racemosa] is a species of flowering plant native to North America.

It is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant. The flowers are produced on a 10–15 cm panicle, each flower with six white tepals 3–6 mm long.

Photo: Georgia Perimeter CollegeAtlantaGA [20060419]

Source: Wikipedia