Ardea cinerea : Grey heron

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The grey heron [Ardea cinerea] is a long-legged predatory wading bird of the heron family, Ardeidae, native throughout temperate Europe and Asia and also parts of Africa. It is resident in much of its range, but some populations from the more northern parts migrate southwards in autumn. A bird of wetland areas, it can be seen around lakes, rivers, ponds, marshes and on the sea coast. It feeds mostly on aquatic creatures which it catches after standing stationary beside or in the water or stalking its prey through the shallows.

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Standing up to a metre tall, adults weigh from 1 to 2 kg [2.2 to 4.4 lb]. They have a white head and neck with a broad black stripe that extends from the eye to the black crest. The body and wings are grey above and the underparts are greyish-white, with some black on the flanks. The long, sharply pointed beak is pinkish-yellow and the legs are brown.

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The birds breed colonially in spring in “heronries”, usually building their nests high in trees. A clutch of usually three to five bluish-green eggs is laid. Both birds incubate the eggs for a period of about 25 days, and then both feed the chicks, which fledge when seven or eight weeks old. Many juveniles do not survive their first winter, but if they do, they can expect to live for about five years.

In Ancient Egypt, the deity Bennu was depicted as a heron in New Kingdom artwork. In Ancient Rome, the heron was a bird of divination.

Photos: Art Science Museum, Marina Bay Sands; Yishun Pond, Yishun, Singapore [20160401, 20160218]

Source: Wikipedia

Cerithidea obtusa: Mud creeper snail

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Cerithidea obtusa is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Potamididae. The Obtuse Horn Shell also known as “Mud Creeper” is a relatively common snail found in muddy coastal areas. It grows to around 5-6 cm. It can crawl up to 7 metres of where once it reach the highest tree, it will then jump off the bark and fall onto the mud.

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It is used as food in Southeast Asia where it is known by the name Siput Sedut, Belitung [Malay] or ‘chut-chut’ snails [Singapore.]

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160321]

Source: Wikipedia

Hypolimnas misippus misippus: Jacintha Eggfly Butterfly

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^ How to correctly handle a butterfly [Jacintha Eggfly/Hypolimnas misippus misippus]

The Danaid Eggfly, Mimic, or Diadem [Hypolimnas misippus] is a widespread species of nymphalid butterfly. It is well known for polymorphism and mimicry. Males are blackish with distinctive white spots that are fringed in blue. Females are in multiple forms that include male like forms while others closely resemble the toxic butterflies Danaus chrysippus and Danaus plexippus. They are found across Africa, Asia, and Australia.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160312]

Source: Wikipedia

Lymantriinae sp. larva: Tussock Moth caterpillar

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The Lymantriinae are a subfamily of moths of the Erebidae family.

Many of its component species are referred to as “tussock moths” of one sort or another. The caterpillar, or larval, stage of these species often has a distinctive appearance of alternating bristles and haired projections. Many tussock moth caterpillars have urticating hairs [often hidden among longer, softer hairs], which can cause painful reactions if they come into contact with skin.

The subfamily Lymantriinae includes about 350 known genera and over 2,500 known species found in every continent except Antarctica.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160228]

Source: Wikipedia

Prosotas dubiosa lumpura: Tailless Line Blue Butterfly

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^ Tailless Line Blue Butterfly mating. They are so tiny. Both of them smaller than my friend’s tip of pointer finger.

The Tailless Lineblue [Prosotas dubiosa] is a species of blue butterfly found in Asia. It is called the Small Purple Line Blue in Australia.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160306]

Source: Wikipedia

Pycnonotus goiavier : Yellow-vented bulbul

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The yellow-vented bulbul [Pycnonotus goiavier] is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is resident breeder in southeast Asia from southern Thailand and Cambodia south to Borneo and the Philippines. It is found in a wide variety of open habitats, but not deep forest. It is one of the most common birds in cultivated areas. They appear to be nomadic, roaming from place to place regularly.

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The yellow-vented bulbul builds a well-camouflaged but fragile, loose, deep, cup-shaped nest from grass, leaves, roots, vine stems, and twigs. The nest is untidy on the outside, but it is neatly lined with plant fibers. It may be built in a wide range of places from low bushes to high trees. This is a species adapted to humans and may even nest in gardens.

The yellow-vented bulbuls eats berries and small fruits. They also sip nectar, nibble on young shoots, and take some insects.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160306]

Source: Wikipedia

Amathusia phidippus phidippus: Palmking Butterfly

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The Palmking [Amathusia phidippus] is a butterfly found in India and Southeast Asia. It belongs to the Morphinae, a subfamily of the Brush-footed butterflies.

Wingspan: 112–122 mm.

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^ Sipping sap or juice from a tiny hole on mangrove plant air root.

This butterfly is widely distributed across parts of India, Myanmar, Indo China, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesian archipelago and the Philippines.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160306]

Source: Wikipedia

Xenocatantops humilis: Short-horned Grasshopper

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^ Mature Xenocatantops humilis

Life Cycle

A newly hatched grasshopper, known as a nymph, has no wings and thus cannot fly. It needs to go through about five stages before becoming a fully mature adult with wings and all. Each stage, known as a moult, involves shedding its exoskeleton and replacing it with a new one. This is necessary as the exoskeleton cannot expand as the body increases in size with each stage of growth.

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Found throughout Singapore and its offshore islands.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160306]

Source: iNaturalist.calkcnhm.nus.edu.sg