Flacourtia inermis: Batoko Plum, Lobi-lobi 

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Flacourtia inermis, known commonly as lobi-lobi, or batoko plum, is a species of flowering plant native to the Philippines, but which has naturalized in tropical Asia and Africa.

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This tree that may grow up to 15 meters. The fruits are produced in bunches and resemble cherries. The fruit is round and shiny, turning from light green to a deep red colour upon ripening. Each fruit measures 1 to 3 centimeter in diameter. The flesh is crunchy but sour and acidic in taste. The fruits are edible but generally not eaten fresh but made as jams, preserves, and syrups.

Photos: Pasir Ris Park and Nature Reserve, Singapore [20160306]

Source: Wikipedia

Ilex sp.: Holly tree

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Ilex or holly is a genus of 400 to 600 species of flowering plants in the family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living genus in that family. The species are evergreen and deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide.

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The genus Ilex is widespread throughout the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. It includes species of trees, shrubs, and climbers, with evergreen or deciduous foliage and inconspicuous flowers. Its range was more extended in the Tertiary period and many species are adapted to laurel forest habitat. It occurs from sea level to more than 2,000 metres [6,600 ft] with high mountain species. It is a genus of small, evergreen trees with smooth, glabrous, or pubescent branchlets. The plants are generally slow-growing with some species growing to 25 m [82 ft] tall.

Photos: Atlanta, GA, USA [20151017]

Source: Wikipedia

Gardenia jasminoides: Gardenia

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Gardenia jasminoides, [gardenia, cape jasmine] is an evergreen flowering plant of the family Rubiaceae. It originated in Asia and is most commonly found growing wild in Vietnam, Southern China, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar and India.

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With its shiny green leaves and heavily fragrant white summer flowers, it is widely used in gardens in warm temperate and subtropical climates, and as a houseplant in temperate regions. It has been in cultivation in China for at least a thousand years, and was introduced to English gardens in the mid 18th century.

Photos: Atlanta, GA, USA [20150920]

Source: Wikipedia

Brownea coccinea subsp. capitella: Mountain Rose

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Brownea coccinea is a species in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the family Fabaceae. Common names include Scarlet Flame Bean, Mountain Rose, Rose of Venezuela and Cooper Hoop. The species is native to Guyana, Venezuela, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago.

Brownea is a genus of about 30 species in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae. The species are shrubs and trees growing to 20 m tall.

Photo: SBG, Singapore [20150402]

Source: Wikipedia

Morus nigra: Black mulberry, Murbei

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Morus nigra, the black mulberry, is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae, native to southwestern Asia, where it has been cultivated for so long that its precise natural range is unknown.

Morus nigra is a deciduous tree. The edible fruit is dark purple, almost black when ripe in a  compound cluster of several small drupes; it is richly flavoured, similar to the red mulberry [Morus rubra] but unlike the more insipid fruit of the white mulberry [Morus alba].

Black mulberry has long been cultivated for its edible fruit and is planted and often naturalised west across much of Europe, including Ukraine, and east into China.

Photo: JakartaIndonesia [20140611, 20150505]

Source: Wikipedia

Morinda citrifolia: Noni


Morinda citrifolia is a tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends through Southeast Asia and Australasia, and the species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalised.

English common names include great morinda, Indian mulberry, noni, beach mulberry, and cheese fruit.

Despite its strong smell and bitter taste, the fruit is nevertheless eaten as a famine food and, in some Pacific islands, even a staple food, either raw or cooked.

Photo: Jakarta, Indonesia [20140611]

Source: Wikipedia

Grevillea banksii: Red silky oak


Grevillea banksii, known by various common names including Red silky oak, Dwarf silky oak, Banks’ grevillea, Kahili tree is a plant of the large genus Grevillea in the diverse family Proteaceae. Native to Queensland, it has been a popular garden plant for many years though has been superseded somewhat horticulturally by smaller and more floriferous hybrids.

Grevillea banksii was first described by the botanist Robert Brown, who gave it its epithet in honour of Sir Joseph Banks.



Grevillea is a diverse genus of about 360 species of evergreen flowering plants in the protea family Proteaceae, native to rainforest and more open habitats in AustraliaNew GuineaNew Caledonia and Indonesia. It was named in honour of Charles Francis Greville. The species range from prostrate shrubs less than 50 cm [20 in] tall to trees 35 m [115 ft] tall.

Common names include grevillea, spider flower, silky oak, bottle brush and toothbrush plant. Closely related to the genus Hakea, the genus gives its name to the subfamily Grevilleoideae.

They are good bird-attracting plants, honeyeaters in particular are common visitors. They are also used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Dryandra Moth and the Pieris rapae or the Small White.

Photo: Flower DomeGardens by the BaySingapore [20140509]

Source: Wikipedia