The house sparrow [Passer domesticus] is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world. A small bird, it has a typical length of 16 centimetres [6.3 inches] and a mass of 24–39.5 grams [.85–1.39 ounces]. Females and young birds are coloured pale brown and grey, and males have brighter black, white, and brown markings.
^ Female house sparrow [Passer domesticus]
The house sparrow is strongly associated with human habitations, and can live in urban or rural settings. Though found in widely varied habitats and climates, it typically avoids extensive woodlands, grasslands, and deserts away from human development. It feeds mostly on the seeds of grains and weeds, but it is an opportunistic eater and commonly eats insects and many other foods. Its predators include domestic cats, hawks, owls, and many other predatory birds and mammals.