Rudbeckia hirta: Common Black-eyed Susan

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Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susan, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Eastern and Central United States. It is one of a number of plants with the common name black-eyed Susan. Other common names for this plant include: brown-eyed Susan, brown Betty, gloriosa daisy, golden Jerusalem, Poorland daisy, yellow daisy, and yellow ox-eye daisy.

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^ [left] Erynnis horatius: Horace’s Duskywing; [right] Hylephila phyleus: Fiery skipper

It is an upright annual [sometimes biennial or perennial] growing 30–100 cm [12–39 in] tall by 30–45 cm [12–18 in] wide. It has alternate, mostly basal leaves 10–18 cm long, covered by coarse hair, with stout branching stems and daisy-like, composite flowers appearing in late summer and early autumn. In the species, the flowers are up to 10 cm [4 in] in diameter, with yellow ray-florets circling conspicuous brown or black, dome-shaped disc-florets. However, extensive breeding has produced a range of sizes and colors, including oranges, reds and browns.

The genus name honors Olaus Rudbeck, who was a professor of botany at the University of Uppsala in Sweden and was one of Linnaeus‘s teachers.

Photos: Chamblee, Georgia, USA  [201400809]

Source: Wikipedia


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