^ Rosa foliolosa: Leafy Rose
The rose hip, also known as rose haw or rose hep, is the fruit of the rose plant, that typically is red-to-orange, but ranges from dark purple to black in some species. Rose hips begin to form after successful pollination of flowers in spring or early summer, and ripen in late summer through autumn.
Rose hips are used for tisanes, jam, jelly, syrup, soup, beverages, pies, bread, wine, and marmalade. They can also be eaten raw, like a berry, if care is used to avoid the hairs inside the fruit.
Rose hips are particularly high in vitamin C content, one of the richest plant sources available.
Rose hips are used to help prevent colds and influenza.
Rose hips contain plenty of lycopene, an important and strong antioxidant that prevents oxidation of low density lipoprotein [LDL] as well as of many cellular membranes.
Rose hips also contain some vitamin A and B, essential fatty acids, and antioxidant flavonoids.