The Snow leopard [Panthera uncia] is a moderately large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central Asia. The snow leopard is listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as globally Endangered (EN). Snow leopards occupy alpine and subalpine areas generally 3,350 to 6,700 m [10,990 to 22,000 ft] above sea level in Central Asia.
Snow leopards are slightly smaller than the other big cats but, like them, exhibit a range of sizes, generally weighing between 27 and 55 kg [60 and 120 lb], with an occasional large male reaching 75 kg [170 lb] and small female of under 25 kg [55 lb]. They have a relatively short body however, the tail is relatively long. They are stocky and short-legged big cats, standing about 60 cm [24 in] at the shoulder.
Snow leopards have long, thick fur, and their base color varies from smoky gray to yellowish tan, with whitish under parts. They have dark grey to black open rosettes on their bodies, with small spots of the same color on their heads and larger spots on their legs and tails. Unusually among cats, their eyes are pale green or grey in color.
Snow leopards show several adaptations for living in a cold, mountainous environment. Their bodies are stocky, their fur is thick, and their ears are small and rounded, all of which help to minimize heat loss.