The sun bear [Helarctos malayanus] is a bear found in tropical forest habitats of Southeast Asia. It is classified as Vulnerable by IUCN as the large-scale deforestation that has occurred throughout Southeast Asia. Malayan sun bear is also known as the “honey bear”, which refers to its voracious appetite for honeycombs and honey. The sun bear is the smallest of the bears.
The sun bear’s fur is jet-black, short and sleek with some under wool. There are two whirls on the shoulders, from where the hair radiates in all directions. There is a crest on the sides of the neck and a whorl in the centre of the breast patch. There is always a more or less crescent-shaped pale patch on the breast that varies individually in color ranging from buff, cream or dirty white to ochre. The ears are small and rounded, broad at the base and capable of very little movement. The front legs are somewhat bowed with the paws turned inwards, and the claws are cream.