A popular house plant, Streptocarpus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae [Gesneriads]. The flowers are five-petalled, salverform tubes, almost orchid-like in appearance, and hover or arch over the plant. The genus is native to parts of Africa and Madagascar. In the wild, species can be found growing on shaded rocky hillsides or cliffs, on the ground, in rock crevices, and almost anywhere the seed can germinate and grow. For the home, there are now many hybrids of various colors and forms available.
The genus is defined by having a spirally twisted fruit [Latin: strepto = twisted, carpus = fruit]. Although generally referred to simply as Streptocarpus, or “Streps”, one common name is Cape Primrose, referring to the nativity of several species to South Africa and their superficial resemblance to the genus Primula.