Bison bison: American Buffalo

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Members of the genus Bison are large, even-toed ungulates within the subfamily Bovinae. Two extant and four extinct species are recognized. The surviving species are the American bison, also known as the American buffalo [although it is only distantly related to the true buffalo], Bison bison, found in North America, and the European bison, or wisent [Bison bonasus], found in Europe and the Caucasus.

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The American bison [Bison bison], also commonly known as the American buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds, became nearly extinct by a combination of commercial hunting and slaughter in the 19th century and introduction of bovine diseases from domestic cattle, and has made a recent resurgence largely restricted to a few national parks and reserves. Their historical range roughly comprised a triangle between the Great Bear Lake in Canada’s far northwest, south to the Mexican states of Durango and Nuevo León, and east along the western boundary of the Appalachian Mountains.

Photos: Wild Animal Safari, Pine MountainGA, USA [20121008]

Source: Wikipedia

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